Osteoporosis is a disease that makes the bones weak and thin to the extent that they become very fragile and break easily. Men and Women suffering from Osteoporosis often break bones in the Hip, Spine and Wrist.
The word “Osteo” comes from Greek word that means “Bone” and” Porosis” means “Hole”. According to the Medilexicon’s medical dictionary, it is the reduction in the quantity of bone. It is an age-related disorder that is identified by the decrease in Bone mass and can lead to Fractures.
What is a Bone?
Bone is a living tissue and growing tissue. It is made up of Collagen. It is a Protein that gives a soft structure and Calcium Phosphate to bones, which make them strong and hardens them.
Throughout one’s life time, the old bones are removed and new bones are added to the Skeleton.
During childhood, new bones are added faster as compare to the removal of old bones. For women, Bone loss is fastest in the few years after Menopause and it continues to Postmenopausal years. Osteoporosis mostly affects women as compare to women. This disease cannot develop if you did not reach to the optimal peak bone during building years of bones.
Causes of Osteoporosis
Following are the risk factors for Osteoporosis
• Female Gender
• Asian race
• Thin body
• Small frame body
• Family history of Osteoporosis
• History of fractures
• Cigarette smoking
• Alcohol consumption
• Lack of exercise
• Low diet in Calcium
• Poor diet
• Poor health
• Low Estrogen level in women
• Low testosterone level in men
• Amenorrhea also known as loss of Menstrual period.
• Inflammation that is caused due to Rheumatoid Arthritis.
• Immobility that occurs after Stroke.
• Hyperthyroidism – it is a condition in which too much Thyroid hormone is produced by the Thyroid Gland.
• Lack of Vitamin D in the body.
• Some medicines can also cause Osteoporosis.
• Gastric Cancer
• HIV Aids
• Cardiovascular disease
• Alzheimer’s disease
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis mostly occurs without any symptoms for many years. It is revealed with the fracture of any bone. Men and women break the bones of their Hip, Spine and Wrist.
These fractures are the warning sign that your bones have become very weak. The main symptom of this condition is Pain in Bones.
Following are the few symptoms of this disease
• Severe Lower Back pain.
• Loss of height by curving of Spine.
• Collapse of the Vertebrae.
• Hunched- back appearance of upper back.
• Dowager Hump.
• Minimal Trauma ( a fracture that is occurred during normal activity)
• Stress fracture.
• Fractures that occur as a result of fall.
• Joints pain
• Difficulty in standing
• Difficulty in sitting straight.
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis
An X-ray test can detect this disease because the bones get very thin and weak. It is found till the time, the X-ray detects this disease, 30% of bones have already been lost.
Medical organization says that dual-energy X-ray should be used to diagnose this disease. Dual X-ray measure bone density in the Hip bone and Spine. This test takes 15 Minutes and the patient is exposed to very radiations.
The bone density of a patient is compared to the bone density of young adults of same age and sex. The score of bone density is known as “T Score”. It is expressed in the standard deviation form.
Following people should go for Dual X-ray tests
• Menopausal Women below age of 65.
• All women above 65 years.
• Postmenopausal women having bone fractures.
The bone density test is not good, if a person is undergoing the test and don’t want to take treatment based on the results.
If the bone density is tested, it should be done on the people, who want to take some actions based on the results of the testing.